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Astronomy on oracle bone inscriptions
Xu, ZT ; Stephenson, FR ; Jiang, YT
AbstractIn this paper we review the records of astronomical phenomena on oracle bone inscriptions of the Shang Dynasty. The history of research on the bone inscriptions is less than loo years from their discovery and articles on oracle bone astronomy are even more recent. Since the people of the Shang Dynasty deeply worshipped the celestial bodies, for example the Sun, Moon and Stars, many bone inscriptions, recording astronomical phenomena, have been found by palaeographers and astronomers. By means of a study of published rubbings, we discuss the astronomical records of bone inscriptions, such as solar and lunar eclipses, solar phenomena, planets, comets, new stars or supernovae and certain fixed stars. In particular some records, such as solar and lunar eclipses, sunspots and comets are discussed in detail. It is concluded that astronomy in the Shang Dynasty (from about 1500-1050 BC) had already attained a fair level. However, the names of some planets and rather bright stars such as Venus and Mars, or Sirius and Vega, have not yet been deciphered from bone inscriptions. We give several suggestions for extending study in this area.
Subject Area天文和天体物理
Document Type期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu, ZT,Stephenson, FR,Jiang, YT. Astronomy on oracle bone inscriptions[J]. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,1995,36(4):397—406.
APA Xu, ZT,Stephenson, FR,&Jiang, YT.(1995).Astronomy on oracle bone inscriptions.QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,36(4),397—406.
MLA Xu, ZT,et al."Astronomy on oracle bone inscriptions".QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 36.4(1995):397—406.
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