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Distributions of the baryon fraction on large scales in the universe
He, P; Feng, LL; Fang, LZ
AbstractThe nonlinear evolution of a system consisting of collisional baryons and collisionless dark matter is generally characterized by strong shocks and discontinuities in the baryon fluid. The baryons slow down significantly at postshock areas of gravitational strong shocks, which can occur in high overdense as well as low overdense regions. On the other hand, the shocks do not affect the collapse of the dark matter. Consequently, the baryon fraction would be nonuniform on large scales. We studied these phenomena with simulation samples produced by the weighted essentially nonoscillatory (WENO) hybrid cosmological hydrodynamic/N-body code, which is effective at capturing shocks and complex structures with high precision. We find that the baryon fraction in high mass density regions is lower on average than the cosmic baryon fraction, and many baryons accumulate in the regions with moderate mass density to form a high baryon fraction phase (HBFP). In dense regions with rho/(rho) over bar > 100, which are the possible hosts for galaxy clusters, the baryon fraction can be lower than the cosmic baryon fraction by about 10%-20% at z similar or equal to 0. We also find that at z < 2, almost all the HBFP gas locates in the regions with mass density 0: 5 < rho/(rho) over bar < 5 and temperature T > 10(5) K, and conversely, almost all the gas in the areas of 0.5 < rho/<(rho)over bar> < 5 and with temperature T > 105 K has high baryon fraction. Our simulation samples show that about 3% of the cosmic baryon budget was hidden in the HBFP at redshift z = 3, while this percentage increases to about 14% at the present day. The gas in the HBFP cannot be detected either by Ly alpha forests of QSO absorption spectra or by soft X-ray background. That is, the HBFP would be missed in the baryon budget given by current observations.
KeywordCosmology : Theory Intergalactic Medium Large-scale Structure Of Universe Methods : Numerical Shock Waves
Subject AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000228445500001
Citation statistics
Cited Times:19[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
2.Univ Arizona, Dept Phys, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA
3.Acad Sinica, Purple Mt Observ, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
He, P,Feng, LL,Fang, LZ. Distributions of the baryon fraction on large scales in the universe[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2005,623(2):601-611.
APA He, P,Feng, LL,&Fang, LZ.(2005).Distributions of the baryon fraction on large scales in the universe.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,623(2),601-611.
MLA He, P,et al."Distributions of the baryon fraction on large scales in the universe".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 623.2(2005):601-611.
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