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Atmospheric characterization of the ultra-hot Jupiter MASCARA-2b/KELT-20b Detection of CaII, FeII, NaI, and the Balmer series of H (H alpha, H beta, and H gamma) with high-dispersion transit spectroscopy
Casasayas-Barris, N.1,2; Palle, E.1,2; Yan, F.3; Chen, G.1,2,4; Kohl, S.5; Stangret, M.1,2; Parviainen, H.1,2; Helling, Ch.6,7,8; Watanabe, N.9,10; Czesla, S.5; Fukui, A.1,14; Montanes-Rodriguez, P.1,2; Nagel, E.5; Narita, N.1,9,11,12; Nortmann, L.1,2; Nowak, G.1,2; Schmitt, J. H. M. M.5; Zapatero Osorio, M. R.1,13
2019-07-26
Source PublicationASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
ISSN1432-0746
Volume628Pages:32
Corresponding AuthorCasasayas-Barris, N.(nuriacb@iac.es)
AbstractUltra-hot Jupiters orbit very close to their host star and consequently receive strong irradiation, causing their atmospheric chemistry to be different from the common gas giants. Here, we have studied the atmosphere of one of these particular hot planets, MASCARA-2b/KELT-20b, using four transit observations with high resolution spectroscopy facilities. Three of these observations were performed with HARPS-N and one with CARMENES. Additionally, we simultaneously observed one of the transits with MuSCAT2 to monitor possible spots in the stellar surface. At high resolution, the transmission residuals show the effects of Rossiter-McLaughlin and centreto- limb variations from the stellar lines profiles, which we have corrected to finally extract the transmission spectra of the planet. We clearly observe the absorption features of CaII, FeII, NaI, H alpha; and H beta in the atmosphere of MASCARA-2b, and indications of H gamma and MgI at low signal-to-noise ratio. In the case of NaI, the true absorption is difficult to disentangle from the strong telluric and interstellar contamination. The results obtained with CARMENES and HARPS-N are consistent, measuring an H alpha absorption depth of 0.68 +/- 0.05 and 0.59 +/- 0.07%, and NaI absorption of 0.11 +/- 0.04 and 0.09 +/- 0.05% for a 0.75 angstrom passband, in the two instruments respectively. The H alpha absorption corresponds to similar to 1.2 R-p, which implies an expanded atmosphere, as a result of the gas heating caused by the irradiation received from the host star. For H beta and H gamma only HARPS-N covers this wavelength range, measuring an absorption depth of 0.28 +/- 0.06 and 0.21 +/- 0.07%, respectively. For CaII, only CARMENES covers this wavelength range measuring an absorption depth of 0.28 +/- 0.05, 0.41 +/- 0.05 and 0.27 +/- 0.06% for CaII lambda 8498 angstrom, lambda 8542 angstrom and lambda 8662 angstrom lines, respectively. Three additional absorption lines of FeII are observed in the transmission spectrum by HARPS-N (partially covered by CARMENES), measuring an average absorption depth of 0.08 +/- 0.04% (0.75 angstrom passband). The results presented here are consistent with theoretical models of ultra-hot Jupiters atmospheres, suggesting the emergence of an ionised gas on the day-side of such planets. Calcium and iron, together with other elements, are expected to be singly ionised at these temperatures and be more numerous than its neutral state. The Calcium triplet lines are detected here for the first time in transmission in an exoplanet atmosphere.
Keywordplanets and satellites: atmospheres planetary systems methods: observational techniques: spectroscopic planets and satellites: individual: MASCARA-2b planets and satellites: individual: KELT-20b
DOI10.1051/0004-6361/201935623
WOS KeywordGIANT EXOPLANET ; ABSORPTION ; SODIUM
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000477562100001
PublisherEDP SCIENCES S A
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/27099
Collection中国科学院紫金山天文台
Corresponding AuthorCasasayas-Barris, N.
Affiliation1.Inst Astrofis Canarias, Via Lactea S-N, San Cristobal la Laguna 38205, Tenerife, Spain
2.Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain
3.Georg August Univ, Inst Astrophys, Friedrich Hund Pl 1, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Purple Mt Observ, Key Lab Planetary Sci, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
5.Univ Hamburg, Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, D-21029 Hamburg, Germany
6.Univ St Andrews, Ctr Exoplanet Sci, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland
7.Univ St Andrews, Sch Phys & Astron, SUPA, St Andrews KY16 9SS, Fife, Scotland
8.SRON Netherlands Inst Space Res, Sorbonnelaan 2, NL-3584 CA Utrecht, Netherlands
9.Natl Astron Observ Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 1818588, Japan
10.Grad Univ Adv Studies, SOKENDAI, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 1818588, Japan
11.Astrobiol Ctr, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 1818588, Japan
12.JST, PRESTO, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 1818588, Japan
13.Ctr Astrobiol CSIC INTA, Carretera Ajalvir Km 4, Madrid 28850, Spain
14.Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Sci, Dept Earth & Planetary Sci, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Casasayas-Barris, N.,Palle, E.,Yan, F.,et al. Atmospheric characterization of the ultra-hot Jupiter MASCARA-2b/KELT-20b Detection of CaII, FeII, NaI, and the Balmer series of H (H alpha, H beta, and H gamma) with high-dispersion transit spectroscopy[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2019,628:32.
APA Casasayas-Barris, N..,Palle, E..,Yan, F..,Chen, G..,Kohl, S..,...&Zapatero Osorio, M. R..(2019).Atmospheric characterization of the ultra-hot Jupiter MASCARA-2b/KELT-20b Detection of CaII, FeII, NaI, and the Balmer series of H (H alpha, H beta, and H gamma) with high-dispersion transit spectroscopy.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,628,32.
MLA Casasayas-Barris, N.,et al."Atmospheric characterization of the ultra-hot Jupiter MASCARA-2b/KELT-20b Detection of CaII, FeII, NaI, and the Balmer series of H (H alpha, H beta, and H gamma) with high-dispersion transit spectroscopy".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 628(2019):32.
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