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Detection of gamma-ray emission from the Coma cluster with Fermi Large Area Telescope and tentative evidence for an extended spatial structure
Xi, Shao-Qiang1,2; Wang, Xiang-Yu1,2; Liang, Yun-Feng3; Peng, Fang-Kun1,4; Yang, Rui-Zi5; Liu, Ruo-Yu5
2018-09-11
Source PublicationPHYSICAL REVIEW D
ISSN2470-0010
Volume98Issue:6Pages:11
Abstract

Many galaxy clusters have giant halos of nonthermal radio emission, indicating the presence of relativistic electrons in the clusters. Relativistic protons may also be accelerated by merger and/or accretion shocks in galaxy clusters. These cosmic-ray (CR) electrons and/or protons are expected to produce gamma rays through inverse-Compton scatterings or inelastic pp collisions respectively. Despite of intense efforts in searching for high-energy gamma-ray emission from galaxy clusters, conclusive evidence is still missing so far. Here we report the discovery of >= 200 MeV gamma-ray emission from the Coma cluster direction with an unbinned likelihood analysis of the 9 years of Fermi-LAT Pass 8 data. The gamma-ray emission shows a spatial morphology roughly coincident with the giant radio halo, with an apparent excess at the southwest of the cluster. Using the test statistic analysis, we further find tentative evidence that the gammaray emission at the Coma center is spatially extended. The extended component has an integral energy flux of similar to 2 x 10(-12) erg cm(-2) S-1 in the energy range of 0.2-300 GeV and the spectrum is soft with a photon index of similar or equal to - 2.7. Interpreting the gamma-ray emission as arising from CR proton interaction, we find that the volume-averaged value of the CR to thermal pressure ratio in the Coma cluster is about similar to 2%. Our results show that galaxy clusters are likely a new type of GeV gamma-ray sources, and they are probably also giant reservoirs of CR protons.

DOI10.1103/PhysRevD.98.063006
WOS KeywordGALAXY CLUSTERS ; COSMIC-RAYS ; RADIO HALOS ; UPPER LIMITS ; XMM-NEWTON ; ACCELERATION ; ELECTRONS ; ORIGIN ; TURBULENCE ; PROTONS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics ; Physics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics ; Physics, Particles & Fields
WOS IDWOS:000444351600005
PublisherAMER PHYSICAL SOC
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/21364
Collection中国科学院紫金山天文台
Corresponding AuthorWang, Xiang-Yu
Affiliation1.Nanjing Univ, Sch Astron & Space Sci, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Nanjing Univ, Key Lab Modern Astron & Astrophys, Minist Educ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Purple Mt Observ, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
4.Guizhou Normal Univ, Sch Phys & Elect Sci, Guiyang 550001, Guizhou, Peoples R China
5.Max Planck Inst Kernphys, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xi, Shao-Qiang,Wang, Xiang-Yu,Liang, Yun-Feng,et al. Detection of gamma-ray emission from the Coma cluster with Fermi Large Area Telescope and tentative evidence for an extended spatial structure[J]. PHYSICAL REVIEW D,2018,98(6):11.
APA Xi, Shao-Qiang,Wang, Xiang-Yu,Liang, Yun-Feng,Peng, Fang-Kun,Yang, Rui-Zi,&Liu, Ruo-Yu.(2018).Detection of gamma-ray emission from the Coma cluster with Fermi Large Area Telescope and tentative evidence for an extended spatial structure.PHYSICAL REVIEW D,98(6),11.
MLA Xi, Shao-Qiang,et al."Detection of gamma-ray emission from the Coma cluster with Fermi Large Area Telescope and tentative evidence for an extended spatial structure".PHYSICAL REVIEW D 98.6(2018):11.
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