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Detection of He I lambda 10830 angstrom absorption on HD 189733 b with CARMENES high-resolution transmission spectroscopy
Salz, M.1; Czesla, S.1; Schneider, P. C.1; Nagel, E.1; Schmitt, J. H. M. M.1; Nortmann, L.2,3; Alonso-Floriano, F. J.4; Lopez-Puertas, M.5; Lampon, M.5; Bauer, F. F.5,6; Snellen, I. A. G.4; Palle, E.2,3; Caballero, J. A.7; Yan, F.8; Chen, G.2,3,9; Sanz-Forcada, J.7; Amado, P. J.5; Quirrenbach, A.10; Ribas, I.11,12; Reiners, A.6; Bejar, V. J. S.2,3; Casasayas-Barris, N.2,3; Cortes-Contreras, M.7; Dreizler, S.6; Guenther, E. W.13; Henning, T.8; Jeffers, S. V.6; Kaminski, A.10; Kuerster, M.8; Lafarga, M.11; Lara, L. M.5; Molaverdikhani, K.8; Montes, D.14; Morales, J. C.11; Sanchez-Lopez, A.5; Seifert, W.10; Zapatero Osorio, M. R.15; Zechmeister, M.6
2018-12-07
Source PublicationASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
ISSN1432-0746
Volume620Pages:13
Corresponding AuthorSalz, M.(msalz@hs.uni-hamburg.de)
AbstractWe present three transit observations of HD 189733 b obtained with the high-resolution spectrograph CARMENES at Calar Alto. A strong absorption signal is detected in the near-infrared He I triplet at 10830 angstrom in all three transits. During mid-transit, the mean absorption level is 0.88 +/- 0.04% measured in a +/- 10 km s(-1) range at a net blueshift of -3.5 +/- 0.4 km s(-1) (10829.84-10830.57 angstrom). The absorption signal exhibits radial velocities of +6.5 +/- 3.1 km s(-1) and -12.6 +/- 1.0 km s(-1) during ingress and egress, respectively; all radial velocities are measured in the planetary rest frame. We show that stellar activity related pseudo-signals interfere with the planetary atmospheric absorption signal. They could contribute as much as 80% of the observed signal and might also affect the observed radial velocity signature, but pseudo-signals are very unlikely to explain the entire signal. The observed line ratio between the two unresolved and the third line of the He i triplet is 2.8 +/- 0.2, which strongly deviates from the value expected for an optically thin atmospheres. When interpreted in terms of absorption in the planetary atmosphere, this favors a compact helium atmosphere with an extent of only 0.2 planetary radii and a substantial column density on the order of 4 x 10(12) cm(2). The observed radial velocities can be understood either in terms of atmospheric circulation with equatorial superrotation or as a sign of an asymmetric atmospheric component of evaporating material. We detect no clear signature of ongoing evaporation, like pre- or post-transit absorption, which could indicate material beyond the planetary Roche lobe, or radial velocities in excess of the escape velocity. These findings do not contradict planetary evaporation, but only show that the detected helium absorption in HD 189733 b does not trace the atmospheric layers that show pronounced escape signatures.
Keywordplanets and satellites: atmospheres planets and satellites: individual: HD 189773 b planet-star interactions infrared: planetary systems stars: activity techniques: spectroscopic
DOI10.1051/0004-6361/201833694
WOS KeywordEXTRASOLAR PLANET ; X-RAY ; ESCAPING ATMOSPHERE ; STELLAR ACTIVITY ; HELIUM ; EXOPLANETS ; EXOSPHERE ; HUBBLE ; HAZE ; ULTRAVIOLET
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000452483300001
PublisherEDP SCIENCES S A
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/20570
Collection中国科学院紫金山天文台
Corresponding AuthorSalz, M.
Affiliation1.Univ Hamburg, Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, D-21029 Hamburg, Germany
2.Inst Astrofis Canarias, Via Lactea S-N, Tenerife 38205, Spain
3.Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, E-38206 Tenerife, Spain
4.Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Postbus 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
5.CSIC, IAA, Glorieta Astron S-N, E-18008 Granada, Spain
6.Georg August Univ, Inst Astrophys, Friedrich Hund Pl 1, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany
7.CSIC, INTA, Ctr Astrobiol, ESAC Campus,Camino Bajo del Castillo S-N, Madrid, Spain
8.Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany
9.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Planetary Sci, Purple Mt Observ, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
10.Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Landessternwarte, Konigstuhl 12, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany
11.CSIC, ICE, Campus UAB,C Can Magrans S-N, Cerdanyola Del Valles, Spain
12.IEEC, Barcelona 08034, Spain
13.Thuringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, D-07778 Tautenburg, Germany
14.Univ Complutense Madrid, Fac Ciencias Fis, Dept Astrofis & Ciencias Atmosfera, E-28040 Madrid, Spain
15.CSIC, INTA, Ctr Astrobiol, Carretera Ajalvir Km 4, Madrid 28850, Spain
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Salz, M.,Czesla, S.,Schneider, P. C.,et al. Detection of He I lambda 10830 angstrom absorption on HD 189733 b with CARMENES high-resolution transmission spectroscopy[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2018,620:13.
APA Salz, M..,Czesla, S..,Schneider, P. C..,Nagel, E..,Schmitt, J. H. M. M..,...&Zechmeister, M..(2018).Detection of He I lambda 10830 angstrom absorption on HD 189733 b with CARMENES high-resolution transmission spectroscopy.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,620,13.
MLA Salz, M.,et al."Detection of He I lambda 10830 angstrom absorption on HD 189733 b with CARMENES high-resolution transmission spectroscopy".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 620(2018):13.
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