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题名: A systematic Chandra study of Sgr A*: II. X-ray flare statistics
作者: Yuan, Qiang; Wang, Q. Daniel; Liu, Siming; Wu, Kinwah
刊名: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
出版日期: 2018
卷号: 473, 期号:1, 页码:306-316
英文摘要: The routinely flaring events from Sgr A* trace dynamic, high-energy processes in the immediate vicinity of the supermassive black hole. We statistically study temporal and spectral properties, as well as fluence and duration distributions, of the flares detected by the Chandra X-ray Observatory from 1999 to 2012. The detection incompleteness and bias are carefully accounted for in determining these distributions. We find that the fluence distribution can be well characterized by a power law with a slope of 1.73(-0.19)(+ 0.20), while the durations (tau in seconds) by a lognormal function with a mean log(tau) = 3.39(-0.24)(+0.27) and an intrinsic dispersion sigma = 0.28(-0.06)(+0.08). No significant correlation between the fluence and duration is detected. The apparent positive correlation, as reported previously, is mainly due to the detection bias (i.e. weak flares can be detected only when their durations are short). These results indicate that the simple self-organized criticality model has difficulties in explaining these flares. We further find that bright flares usually have asymmetric light curves with no statistically evident difference/preference between the rising and decaying phases in terms of their spectral/timing properties. Our spectral analysis shows that although a power-law model with a photon index of 2.0 +/- 0.4 gives a satisfactory fit to the joint spectra of strong and weak flares, there is weak evidence for a softer spectrum of weaker flares. This work demonstrates the potential to use statistical properties of X-ray flares to probe their trigger and emission mechanisms, as well as the radiation propagation around the black hole.
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000415653600025
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/17989
Appears in Collections:暗物质和空间天文实验室_期刊论文

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