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题名: The unpolarized macronova associated with the gravitational wave event GW 170817
作者: Covino, S.; Wiersema, K.; Fan, Y. Z.; Toma, K.; Higgins, A. B.; Melandri, A.; D'Avanzo, P.; Mundell, C. G.; Palazzi, E.; Tanvir, N. R.; Bernardini, M. G.; Branchesi, M.; Brocato, E.; Campana, S.; Alighieri, S. di Serego; Gotz, D.; Fynbo, J. P. U.; Gao, W.; Gomboc, A.; Gompertz, B.; Greiner, J.; Hjorth, J.; Jin, Z. P.; Kaper, L.; Klose, S.; Kobayashi, S.; Kopac, D.; Kouveliotou, C.; Levan, A. J.; Mao, J.; Malesani, D.; Pian, E.; Rossi, A.; Salvaterra, R.; Starling, R. L. C.; Steele, I.; Tagliaferri, G.; Troja, E.; van der Horst, A. J.; Wijers, R. A. M. J.
刊名: NATURE ASTRONOMY
出版日期: 2017
卷号: 1, 期号:11, 页码:791-794
DOI: 10.1038/s41550-017-0285-z
英文摘要: The merger of two dense stellar remnants including at least one neutron star is predicted to produce gravitational waves (GWs) and short-duration gamma ray burststs. In the process, neutron-rich material is ejected from the system and heavy elements are synthesized by r-process nucleosynthesis(1,3). The radioactive decay of these heavy elements produces additional transient radiation termed kilonova or macronova(4-10). We report the detection of linear optical polarization, P= (0.50 +/- 0.07)%, 1.46 days after detection of the GWs from GW170817-a double neutron star merger associated with an optical macronova counterpart and a short gamma ray burst(11-14). The optical emission from a macronova is expected to be characterized by a blue, rapidly decaying component and a red, more slowly evolving component due to material rich in heavy elements-the lanthanidess(15). The polarization measurement was made when the macronova was still in its blue phase, during which there was an important contribution from a lanthanide-free outflow. The low degree of polarization is consistent with intrinsically unpolarized emission scattered by galactic dust, suggesting a symmetric geometry of the emitting region and low inclination of the merger system. Stringent upper limits to the polarization degree from 2.45-9.48 days post-burst are consistent with the lanthanides-rich macronova interpretation.
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/17905
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