PMO OpenIR  > 星系中的恒星形成研究团组
Dense gas in low-metallicity galaxies
Braine, J.; Shimajiri, Y.; Andre, P.; Bontemps, S.; Gao, Yu; Chen, Hao; Kramer, C.
2017
发表期刊ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
卷号597页码:-
摘要Stars form out of the densest parts of molecular clouds. Far-IR emission can be used to estimate the star formation rate (SFR) and high dipole moment molecules, typically HCN, trace the dense gas. A strong correlation exists between HCN and far-IR emission, with the ratio being nearly constant, over a large range of physical scales. A few recent observations have found HCN to be weak with respect to the far-IR and CO in subsolar metallicity (low-Z) objects. We present observations of the Local Group galaxies M 33, IC 10, and NGC 6822 with the IRAM 30 m and NRO 45 m telescopes, greatly improving the sample of low-Z galaxies observed. HCN, HCO+, CS, C2H, and HNC have been detected. Compared to solar metallicity galaxies, the nitrogen-bearing species are weak (HCN, HNC) or not detected (CN, HNCO, N2H+) relative to far-IR or CO emission. HCO+ and C2H emission is normal with respect to CO and far-IR. While (CO)-C-13 is the usual factor 10 weaker than (CO)-C-12, (CO)-O-18 emission was not detected down to very low levels. Including earlier data, we find that the HCN/HCO+ ratio varies with metallicity (O/H) and attribute this to the sharply decreasing nitrogen abundance. The dense gas fraction, traced by the HCN/CO and HCO+/CO ratios, follows the SFR but in the low-Z objects the HCO+ is much easier to measure. Combined with larger and smaller scale measurements, the HCO+ line appears to be an excellent tracer of dense gas and varies linearly with the SFR for both low and high metallicities.
语种英语
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/17401
专题星系中的恒星形成研究团组
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GB/T 7714
Braine, J.,Shimajiri, Y.,Andre, P.,et al. Dense gas in low-metallicity galaxies[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2017,597:-.
APA Braine, J..,Shimajiri, Y..,Andre, P..,Bontemps, S..,Gao, Yu.,...&Kramer, C..(2017).Dense gas in low-metallicity galaxies.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,597,-.
MLA Braine, J.,et al."Dense gas in low-metallicity galaxies".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 597(2017):-.
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