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The GTC exoplanet transit spectroscopy survey V. A spectrally-resolved Rayleigh scattering slope in GJ 3470b
Chen, G.; Guenther, E. W.; Palle, E.; Nortmann, L.; Nowak, G.; Kunz, S.; Parviainen, H.; Murgas, F.
2017
发表期刊ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
卷号600页码:A138-
摘要Aims. As a sub-Uranus-mass low-density planet, GJ 3470b has been found to show a flat featureless transmission spectrum in the infrared and a tentative Rayleigh scattering slope in the optical. We conducted an optical transmission spectroscopy project to assess the impacts of stellar activity and to determine whether or not GJ 3470b hosts a hydrogen-rich gas envelop.Methods. We observed three transits with the low-resolution Optical System for Imaging and low-Intermediate-Resolution Integrated Spectroscopy (OSIRIS) at the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias, and one transit with the high-resolution Ultraviolet and Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES) at the 8.2 m Very Large Telescope.Results. From the high-resolution data, we find that the difference of the Ca II H+K lines in-and out-of-transit is only 0 : 67 +/- 0 : 22%, and determine a magnetic filling factor of about 10-15%. From the low-resolution data, we present the first optical transmission spectrum in the 435-755 nm band, which shows a slope consistent with Rayleigh scattering.Conclusions. After exploring the potential impacts of stellar activity in our observations, we confirm that Rayleigh scattering in an extended hydrogen-helium atmosphere is currently the best explanation. Further high-precision observations that simultaneously cover optical and infrared bands are required to answer whether or not clouds and hazes exist at high-altitude.
语种英语
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/17326
专题暗物质和空间天文实验室
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Chen, G.,Guenther, E. W.,Palle, E.,et al. The GTC exoplanet transit spectroscopy survey V. A spectrally-resolved Rayleigh scattering slope in GJ 3470b[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2017,600:A138-.
APA Chen, G..,Guenther, E. W..,Palle, E..,Nortmann, L..,Nowak, G..,...&Murgas, F..(2017).The GTC exoplanet transit spectroscopy survey V. A spectrally-resolved Rayleigh scattering slope in GJ 3470b.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,600,A138-.
MLA Chen, G.,et al."The GTC exoplanet transit spectroscopy survey V. A spectrally-resolved Rayleigh scattering slope in GJ 3470b".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 600(2017):A138-.
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