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题名: Turnover Frequency in Solar Microwave Bursts with an Extremely Flat Optically Thin Spectrum
作者: Song, Q. W.; Nakajima, H.; Huang, G. L.; Tan, B. L.; Huang, Y.; Wu, Z.
刊名: SOLAR PHYSICS
出版日期: 2016
卷号: 291, 期号:12, 页码:0
英文摘要: Four microwave bursts have been selected from the Nobeyama Radio Polarimeter (NoRP) observations with an extremely flat spectrum in the optically thin part and a very hard spectral index between 0 and -1 in the maximum phase of all bursts. It is found that the time evolution of the turnover frequency is inversely proportional to the time profiles of the radio flux in all bursts. Based on the nonthermal gyrosynchrotron theory of Ramaty (Astrophys. J. 158, 753, 1969), the local magnetic field strength and the electron spectral index are calculated uniquely from the observed radio spectral index and the turnover frequency. We found that the electron energy spectrum is very hard (spectral index 1 - 2), and the time variation of the magnetic field strength is also inversely proportional to the radio flux as a function of time in all bursts. Hence, the time evolution of the turnover frequency can be explained directly by its dependence on the local magnetic field strength. The high turnover frequency (several tens of GHz) is mainly caused by a strong magnetic field of up to several hundred gauss, and probably by the Razin effect under a high plasma density over 10(10) cm (3) in the maximum phase of these bursts. Therefore, the extremely flat microwave spectrum can be well understood by the observed high turnover frequency and the calculated hard electron spectral index.
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/17056
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