|Nonlinear interaction of minor heavy ions with kinetic Alfven waves and their anisotropic energization in coronal holes|
|Wu, D. J.; Yang, L.
|摘要||Some recent observations of the solar corona suggest that minor heavy ions undergo an anisotropic and mass-charge dependent energization in the extended corona. In this paper we investigate the nonlinear interaction of minor heavy ions with kinetic Alfven waves (KAWs) in the extended corona where plasma is low-beta, in particular the ion energization by KAWs. We find that the cross-field ion energization depends on the ion mass and charge in the sense that the velocity is proportional to the ion mass-charge ratio and the field-aligned ion energy is directly proportional to the ion charge. Consequently, the effective ion temperature becomes strongly anisotropic, as well as much higher than that of protons. With an empirical model of plasma parameters in a coronal hole and an assumption of anisotropic spectrum for KAWs, we calculate the variations of the ion temperature anisotropy (delta(i) T-i perpendicular to(eff)/T-i parallel to(eff)) and the ion-proton temperature ratio (gamma(i) T-i perpendicular to(eff)/T-p perpendicular to(eff)) with heliocentric distance. The results show that they both increase rapidly with heliocentric distances of 1.5-3.5 R-circle dot. In the lower corona below 1.3 R-circle dot, one has delta(i) and gamma(i) similar or equal to 1, and in the higher corona above 4 R-circle dot, they approach the saturation values delta(i) similar or equal to 0.5A(i)(3) and gamma(i) similar or equal to 0.9A(i)(3)Z(i), where A(i) is the ion mass-charge ratio in units of the proton mass-charge ratio m(p)/e, and Z(i) is the ion charge in units of the elementary charge e. We suggest that not only can the KAW-based model of the anisotropic and mass-charge dependent energization reasonably explain the recent observations of minor heavy ions in polar coronal holes, but KAWs may also be potentially important for understanding the microphysics of the wave-particle interaction in the extended solar corona, where the coronal plasma is heated and accelerated into the solar wind.|
|关键词||Acceleration Of Particles
Sun : Corona
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology
; Physical Sciences
; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC TURBULENCE
; POLAR PLUME
|WOS研究方向||Astronomy & Astrophysics
|WOS类目||Astronomy & Astrophysics
|作者单位||Chinese Acad Sci, Purple Mtn Observ, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China|
Wu, D. J.,Yang, L.. Nonlinear interaction of minor heavy ions with kinetic Alfven waves and their anisotropic energization in coronal holes[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2007,659(2):1693-1701.
Wu, D. J.,&Yang, L..(2007).Nonlinear interaction of minor heavy ions with kinetic Alfven waves and their anisotropic energization in coronal holes.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,659(2),1693-1701.
Wu, D. J.,et al."Nonlinear interaction of minor heavy ions with kinetic Alfven waves and their anisotropic energization in coronal holes".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 659.2(2007):1693-1701.