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题名: Extragalactic H2O masers and X-ray absorbing column densities
作者: Zhang, JS; Henkel, C; Kadler, M; Greenhill, LJ; Nagar, N; Wilson, AS; Braatz, JA
刊名: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
出版日期: 2006-05-01
卷号: 450, 期号:3, 页码:933-U16
关键词: masers ; galaxies : active ; galaxies : nuclei ; galaxies : statistics ; radio lines : galaxies ; X-rays : galaxies
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20054138
文章类型: Review
英文摘要: Having conducted a search for the lambda similar to 1.3 cm (22 GHz) water vapor line towards galaxies with nuclear activity, large nuclear column densities or high infrared luminosities, we present H2O spectra for NGC2273, UGC 5101, and NGC 3393 with isotropic luminosities of 7, 1500, and 400 L circle dot. The H2O maser in UGC 5101 is by far the most luminous yet found in an ultraluminous infrared galaxy. NGC 3393 reveals the classic spectrum of a "disk maser", represented by three distinct groups of Doppler components. As in all other known cases except NGC 4258, the rotation velocity of the putative masing disk is well below 1000 km s(-1). Based on the literature and archive data, X-ray absorbing column densities are compiled for the 64 galaxies with reported maser sources beyond the Magellanic Clouds. For NGC 2782 and NGC 5728, we present Chandra archive data that indicate the presence of an active galactic nucleus in both galaxies. Modeling the hard nuclear X-ray emission, NGC 2782 is best fit by a high energy reflection spectrum with N-H greater than or similar to 1024 cm(-2). For NGC 5728, partial absorption with a power law spectrum indicates N-H similar to 8 x 10(23) cm(-2). The correlation between absorbing column and H2O emission is analyzed. There is a striking difference between kilo- and megamasers with megamasers being associated with higher column densities. All kilomasers ( L-H2O < 10 L circle dot) except NGC 2273 and NGC 5194 are Compton-thin, i.e. their absorbing columns are < 10(24) cm(-2). Among the H2O megamasers, 50% arise from Compton-thick and 85% from heavily obscured (> 10(23) cm(-2)) active galactic nuclei. These values are not larger but consistent with those from samples of Seyfert 2 galaxies not selected on the basis of maser emission. The similarity in column densities can be explained by small deviations in position between maser spots and nuclear X-ray source and a high degree of clumpiness in the circumnuclear interstellar medium.
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Physical Sciences
类目[WOS]: Astronomy & Astrophysics
研究领域[WOS]: Astronomy & Astrophysics
关键词[WOS]: ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI ; SEYFERT 2 GALAXIES ; ULTRALUMINOUS INFRARED GALAXIES ; XMM-NEWTON OBSERVATION ; HUBBLE-SPACE-TELESCOPE ; ASCA OBSERVATIONS ; WATER-VAPOR ; BLACK-HOLE ; BEPPOSAX OBSERVATIONS ; CHANDRA OBSERVATIONS
收录类别: SCI
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000236797400008
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/15847
Appears in Collections:暗物质和空间天文实验室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Max Planck Inst Radioastron, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Purple Mt Observ, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
3.Guangzhou Univ, Ctr Astrophys, Guangzhou 510400, Peoples R China
4.Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
5.Univ Concepcion, Astron Grp, Concepcion, Chile
6.Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
7.Natl Radio Astron Observ, Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA
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